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Kapuzbaşı Şelalesi > The Sultan Sazlığı Bird Paradise

The Sultan Sazlığı Bird Paradise

The Sultan Sazlığı is located at the lowest part of the Develi plain which is to the south-west of Mt. Erciyes. It is in the triangle of Develi - Yeşilhisar and Yahyalı

This Sultan sazligi, which 70 km from Kayseri, has been taken under protection with the International Ramsar Treaty.

The lakes Yay, Camız, Söbe and Çöl exit at the lowest section of Develi plain. In the broadest sense of the word, all these lakes - or in other words, the area to the south of the road connecting Develi to the Niğde - Kayseri highway, except for the lake Yay, is called Sultan Sazlığı. The marshy places and lakes making up Sultan Sazlığı become smaller in the dry season and larger in the rainy season. These lakes are fed by the waters coming down Mt. Erciyes and Mid-Taurus Mountains.

Sultan Sazlığı, which covers an area of 17.200 hectare, constitutes a world-famous ecosystem.

There are hardly noticeable small reed islets floating towards the center of the bird paradise.

Both fresh and salty water ecosystems coexist in this area which was taken under protection in 1988.

Providing shelter for 301 bird species, Sultan Sazlığı is the second major bird paradise in Turkey, after the lake Manyas. An observation tower and a breeding station have been set up so that the migration route of birds and their living environments can be studied.

Being on the migration route of birds because of its flora and fauna, Sultan Sazlığı is beginning to contribute more and more to tourism with appropriate attempts and research.


Sultansazligi Protection Area around the settlements in and around livestock in general economic activity, including agriculture and reed cutting mainly consists of small levels in the tourism and handicrafts. This industry-based economic activities in the settlements is very limited.


Sultan Sazlığı was first investigated in 1968 by a research carried out by Ismail Özer. The studies were carried on by Nihat Turan and ornithologist Tansu Gürpınar and it showed up that this area is an important marsh area (fens).

Sultan Sazlığı was declared

  • as Waterfowl Protection and Proliferation Region by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Rural Affairs in 1971 under the Law on Hunting;
  • as a Protection of Nature in 1988 and
  • as Natural Site of First Degree by the Committee of Protection of Cultural and Natural Existences in 1993.

Sultan Sazlığı, whose importance was understood as a watery and protection area, was taken into the list of A Degree watery area according to the second and third articles of International Ramsar Treaty (about the protection of watery areas having international importance as a living environment for water birds), which was passed by the cabinet on 15th of march 1994 with decree 5434.


Small ponds which have fresh water and are covered with dense reeds constitute ideal habitat environment for water birds to feed and shelter. Tadpoles and salamander larvae plus small fish around here underneath the high and dense reed let pelicans, cormorants, water hens, ducks, geese, flamingoes and spoonbills have no difficulties to find materials to build nests with.

Lake Yay, which is a saline water medium, is the breeding ground for flamingoes, gulls, swordbeaks (avocates) and some partridges. In the grassland at transition area between saline and fresh water media, breeding is observed of whimbrels, cranes and pelicans.


The Develi plain is a Devonian, which is an old geologic formation. Coral fauna from the mid-Devonian age (410-370 million years) have been discovered to the south of Yahyalı.

Kırşehir range which is to the south of Develi is a mountain that was formed in the Precambrian age. Neogenic tuffs exist to the north-west and north-east of the Develi basin. The Nemrut mountain within the Erciyes group near the lake Acıgöl has been an active volcano until recently. The formation of the lake area began in the Miocene epoch and continued in the Pleistocene and Holocene epochs. With erosion materials various strata came into existence. These layers consist of limestone, basalt, andesite and tuff.

Typical continental climate is prevalent in Develi basin where summers are hot and dry, and winters are cold. The temperature difference between day and night and between summer and winter is high. The hottest months are July and August (34.2ºC – 35.5ºC) and the coldest are January and February (-18.3ºC) respectively.

According to 30 years' statistical figures, the annual average rainfall on an area of a square meter is 363 mm.

The bird population is higher in spring and autumn months. It is at its lowest level in February, July and August. Some immigrant birds stay here in winter.


The Aladağ Mountain and Mt. Erciyes are among the most extensively studied areas of the Middle and Near East for the flora, though the species collected are only a small part of what exists. For this reason it is believed that this studies should continue.

The species of algae are more than 50 kinds, some of which are Bacillariophyceae, Charophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Dinophyceae, Eulenophyceae, and Rhodophyceae.

The flora species have been collected by Kasparek, Demirkuş and Sümbül and placed in Hacettepe University collection. Following is the stock of flora samples:

Family Gil
Alismataceae suotugiller
Ascetepiadeaceae ipektohumugiller
Boraginaceae hodangiller
Caryophyllaceae karanfilgiller
Chenopodiaceae ıspanakgiller
Compositae bileşikgiller
Convolvulaceae sarmaşıkgiller
Cruciferae turpgiller
Cuscutaceae küskütgiller
Droseraceae etyiyengiller
Euphorbiaceae sütleğengiller
Gentianaceae kızılkantarongiller
Labiatae ballıbabagiller
Lauraceae defnegiller
Leguminosae baklagiller
Lenthivulariaceae bubapıgiller
Lythraceae kınagiller
Malvaceae ebegümecigiller
Moraceae dutgiller
Nymphaceae nilüfergiller
Onagraceae küpeçiçeğigiller
Papaveraceae gelincikgiller
Plumbaginaceae dişotugiller
Polygonaceae karabuğdaygiller
Primulaceae çuhaçiçeğigiller
Ranunculeae düğünçiçeğigiller
Resedaceae sevgiçiçeğigiller
Rosaceae gülgiller
Rubiaceae kökboyagiller
Scrophulariaceae aslanağzıgiller
Solanaceae patlıcangiller
Tamaricaceae ılgıngiller
Umbelliferae maydanozgiller
Valerianaceae kediotugiller
Zygophyllaceae yabanikimyonugiller

Kaynak: sultansazligi.com

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